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No. 1 Branch of the People's Procuratorate of Shanghai Municipality v. Ying Zhimin and Lu Yi (Case of smuggling waste and smuggling ordinary goods)
上海市人民检察院第一分院诉应志敏、陆毅走私废物、走私普通货物案
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No. 1 Branch of the People's Procuratorate of Shanghai Municipality v. Ying Zhimin and Lu Yi (Case of smuggling waste and smuggling ordinary goods) 上海市人民检察院第一分院诉应志敏、陆毅走私废物、走私普通货物案
[Summary] [裁判摘要]
In a case of smuggling crime, whether the actor is with intent to smuggle concealed articles shall be comprehensively judged based on the circumstances of the case. If the actor is without general intent of smuggling and has no knowledge that another type of smuggled articles are concealed in the smuggled articles, combined punishment for more than one crime may not be imposed according to the provisions of relevant normative documents on "conviction and punishment based on the actual object of smuggling," but the actor shall be convicted and punished based on his or her recognition of the nature of the object of smuggling according to the principle of unity between subjectivity and objectivity. The objective smuggling of other concealed articles, if any, may be assessed as the circumstances in sentencing for the specific smuggling crime committed by the actor, so as to reflect the principle that crime, responsibility and punishment fit each other. 在走私犯罪案件中,应当根据案情综合判断行为人对夹藏物品是否具有走私的故意。行为人不具有走私的概括故意,对于走私物品中还夹藏有其他不同种类走私物品确实不明知的,不能适用相关规范性文件中“根据实际的走私对象定罪处罚”的规定进行数罪并罚,而应当根据主客观相统一原则,以行为人主观认知的走私对象性质加以定罪处罚。对于客观上走私了夹藏的其他物品的,可作为行为人所构成特定走私犯罪的量刑情节予以评价,以体现罪责刑相适应原则。
The public prosecution: No. 1 Branch of the People's Procuratorate of Shanghai Municipality. 公诉机关:上海市人民检察院第一分院。
Defendant: Ying Zhimin, male, 33 years of age, Han nationality, residing in Wulian Road, Pudong New District, Shanghai. He was sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of two years for smuggling ordinary goods in September 2008, and he was released in November 2009, after serving the sentence; and he was arrested on suspicion of smuggling ordinary goods on May 6, 2011. 被告人:应志敏。2008年9月因犯走私普通货物罪被判处有期徒刑二年,2009年11月刑满获释;2011年5月6日因涉嫌犯走私普通货物罪被逮捕。
Defendant: Lu Yi, male, 32 years of age, Han nationality, residing in Zhaoqiao Village, Caolu Town, Pudong New District, Shanghai. He was arrested on suspicion of smuggling ordinary goods on May 6, 2011. 被告人:陆毅。2011年5月6日因涉嫌犯走私普通货物罪被逮捕。
The No. 1 Branch of the People's Procuratorate of Shanghai Municipality filed a public prosecution against defendants Ying Zhimin and Lu Yi for committing the crime of smuggling waste and the crime of smuggling ordinary goods with the No. 1 Intermediate People's Court of Shanghai Municipality. 上海市人民检察院第一分院以被告人应志敏、陆毅犯走私废物罪和走私普通货物罪,向上海市第一中级人民法院提起公诉。
...... 起诉书指控:2011年3月,被告人应志敏、陆毅为牟取非法利益,采用伪报品名的方式,通过进境备案的手段进口5票废旧电子产品等货物。上述货物中,经鉴别,进口废旧线路板、废电池共32.29吨,属国家禁止进口的危险性固体废物;废旧复印机、打印机、电脑等共349.812吨,属国家禁止进口的非危险性固体废物;硅废碎料共7.27吨,属国家限制进口的可用作原料的固体废物;经核定,进口胶带、轴承等普通货物偷逃应缴税额人民币74万余元(以下币种同)。公诉机关认为,应志敏、陆毅违反海关法规,逃避海关监管,采用伪报品名的方式进口固体废物逾389吨、进口普通货物偷逃应缴税额74万余元,其行为已构成走私废物罪、走私普通货物罪,且情节特别严重,偷逃应缴税额特别巨大;应志敏还系累犯。提请上海市第一中级人民法院依法判处。
 被告人应志敏及其辩护人对起诉指控应志敏犯走私废物罪的事实、证据、罪名均无异议。其辩护人辩称:应志敏的行为不构成走私普通货物罪。理由是:不能简单依据货柜中货物的客观状况分别定罪并实行数罪并罚;应志敏等人并非货源组织者,也非收货人(或者非货主),仅作为代理进口商主要负责废旧电子产品的通关业务,并不明知其所走私的废旧电子产品中还夹藏进口胶带、轴承等普通货物,故其主观上不具有走私普通货物的故意;应志敏系从犯,具有坦白情节,且未造成实际危害后果,请求法院依法对其从轻处罚。
 被告人陆毅及辩护人对起诉指控陆毅的行为构成走私废物罪的事实、证据、罪名均无异议。其辩护人辩称:陆毅仅明知走私废旧电子产品,而不明知废旧电子产品中夹藏有普通货物,故其行为不构成走私普通货物罪;陆毅具有坦白情节,积极退赃,且未造成实际危害后果,请求法院依法对其从轻处罚。
 上海市第一中级人民法院一审查明:
 2010年4月,被告人应志敏、陆毅为谋取非法利益而共谋采用伪报品名等方法为他人负责办理走私废旧电子产品中的通关和运输事宜,并按照废旧电子产品进口数量计算报酬。自同年6月起,应志敏、陆毅等人按事先分工共同从事上述走私活动。
 2011年4月1日,上海海关缉私部门查封、扣押了20个由被告人应志敏、陆毅以瓦楞纸板名义进口的装有走私物品的集装箱。经清点、理货和鉴别,上述走私货物主要为:属于危险类废物的废旧线路板、废电池等共计32 290公斤;属于国家禁止进口的固体废物的废旧复印机、打印机、电脑等共计349 812公斤;属于国家限制进口的可用作原料的固体废物的硅废碎料共计 7270公斤;另有胶带、非家用缝纫机头、轴承等普通货物若干吨,分散在各集装箱内,涉及税额人民币70余万元。
 2011年4月2日,被告人应志敏、陆毅被抓获,并如实供述了上述事实。此外,上海海关缉私部门追缴赃款人民币300万元。
 上述事实,有经庭审举证、质证的被告人应志敏、陆毅的供述、证人证言、书证、物证、鉴定书等证据证实,足以认定。
 本案的争议焦点是:走私案件中如何认定行为人对夹藏物品是否具有走私故意;行为人不具有走私的概括故意,对走私对象中夹藏的其他普通货物确实不明知,是否适用相关规范性文件中根据实际走私对象定罪处罚的规定,以走私废物罪和走私普通货物罪数罪并罚。
 上海市第一中级人民法院一审认为:
 由于代理通关和运输事宜的被告人应志敏、陆毅并不明知走私货主在废旧电子产品中还夹藏了其他普通货物,因此,二被告人不应当对货主所夹藏的普通货物承担走私普通货物罪的刑事责任。主要理由在于:
 首先,在走私犯罪案件中,应当根据相关合同约定、夹藏物品归属主体及所占体积、行为人所收报酬等情况综合认定行为人对夹藏物品是否具有走私的故意。
 在走私犯罪案件中,行为人的主观故意内容,不能简单以走私过程中查获的物品种类进行认定,而应当根据相关合同约定、夹藏物品的归属主体及所占体积、行为人所收报酬等情况综合认定行为人对夹藏物品是否具有走私的故意。
 ......



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